By M. Liebson
five days following Shavuos, until the 12th of Sivan, are called
“Y’mei ha’Tashlumin” * When the Beis Ha’Mikdash stood, the
Jewish people were able to continue bringing their Shavuos sacrifices on
these days following the Yom Tov * In the following article we read the
Alter Rebbe’s explanation to his grandson, the Tzemach Tzedek, about
these days, along with the teachings of the Rebbe MH”M
the Alter Rebbe’s siddur it says that we do not say Tachanun
from Rosh Chodesh Sivan until and including the 12th of Sivan. When the Beis
HaMikdash stood, the Shavuos korbanos could be brought for
seven days, from the 6th until the 12th of Sivan.
is Shavuos celebrated for seven days, until the 12th of Sivan?
Tzemach Tzedek asked his grandfather this question, and the Alter Rebbe
responded with a parable of businessmen who went to a great fair for two
days and bought a great deal of merchandise. After the fair, before
traveling home, they spent another few days properly packing up their
wares for the long trip home so nothing would be stolen or lost.
it comes to the giving of the Torah, everyone certainly acquired
something for himself, from the revelations of the holiday. Therefore,
we need some time to “pack it up,” which are the Y’mei
ha’Tashlumin after the Yom Tov.
are these days called Y’mei ha’Tashlumin ?
one of the Rebbe’s sichos, the Rebbe explains that the word “tashlumin”
has two meanings: 1) hashlamas ha’chisaron – completing what
is lacking, 2) shleimus – perfection.
first glance it appears that tashlumin is an indication of some
deficiency. That is, since the avoda on Yom Tov was
not complete, we are given an opportunity to make up for it, like the
idea of Pesach Sheini making up for Pesach. But the Y’mei
ha’Tashlumin have a special quality which the Yom Tov
itself does not have, for during these days we can achieve the
perfection of the Yom Tov more than on the Yom Tov
this time there is an increased revelation of the love and affection
Hashem has for the Jewish people, demonstrated by giving us an
additional opportunity to complete the avoda of Yom Tov.
Thus, there should be a corresponding increase in the mitzvos
relating to this Yom Tov.
explanation: Despite the fact that a person offers korbanos at
his particular level, when he rises to a higher level the next day (or
on the same day but an hour later), he is required to offer korbanos on
a higher level. In this sense, “tashlumin” means perfection,
with nothing lacking at all.
is in connection with korbanos, regarding which the law
states that if a wealthy person brought the korban of a pauper,
he did not fulfill his obligation. The same applies to a person who
reaches a “wealthy” state, so that a higher level is demanded than
what was expected of him on his lower level.
don’t we say Tachanun during this period?
Rebbe explains that the effect of Tachanun, which is repentance
and atonement, is accomplished during these days by the uniqueness of
the time, the y’mei tashlumin of “the time of the giving of
our Torah.” Torah brings teshuva and kapara to the
world, even the highest atonement, transforming past inequities into
speaking, says the Rebbe, this is a good reason for the coming of the
true and complete Redemption through Moshiach Tzidkeinu, for teshuva and
kapara negate the reason for exile – “because of our
sins we were exiled from our land” – and by abolishing the cause,
the result, exile, is automatically negated.
is the significance of the Y’mei ha’Tashlumin during Galus?
the Beis HaMikdash stood, if someone finished bringing his
korbanos on the 7th or 8th of Sivan, he had nothing left to bring
on the other y’mei tashlumin. However, in Galus,
although we do not bring korbanos, we have the spiritual
notion of korbanos throughout all the Y’mei ha’Tashlumin .
Even someone who finished all the avoda of zman matan
Toraseinu on Shavuos itself or the day after, can and should add to
his avoda in the remaining days in accordance with the dictum of maalin
ba’kodesh (ascending in holiness).
these days continue to be special after Moshiach comes?
after the rebuilding of the Beis HaMikdash, when we will
resume bringing korbanos, the Y’mei ha’Tashlumin until
the 12th of Sivan will still be special days. In the Future to Come,
everything will be on an elevated status relative to the times of Galus.
Since these five days are special in Galus, they certainly will
not have a yerida (spiritual descent) when Moshiach comes.
are forced to conclude that we will still have these y’mei
tashlumin of Shavuos, as we will experience the elevation of
everything we did in Galus.
Moshiach comes during the Y’mei ha’Tashlumin, will we bring
the korbanos pertaining to Shavuos?
Rebbe discusses this in a sicha. On Shavuos when the Beis HaMikdash
was not yet built, we were under no obligation to bring korbanos. According
to poskim who maintain that if Moshiach comes in the middle of s’fira,
the counting from that day on is a Biblical obligation (not rabbinic),
we will be able to bring the Shavuos korbanos during the Y’mei
ha’Tashlumin. This is actually a tremendous chiddush of the
avoda is demanded of us during the Y’mei ha’Tashlumin ?
avoda at this time is to examine ourselves to see whether we did
indeed receive the Torah in a way that deeply affects us. It’s a time
to correct whatever needs correcting, so that studying and understanding
Torah is taken to heart, b’shleimus. This means that we care
about Torah, not for ulterior motives, but simply because we care about
learning and understanding it.
Rebbe says this applies to every single Jew, young and old, regardless
of their level of understanding of Torah, beginning with “the
five-year-old who studies Torah,” and the “ten-year-old who studies Mishna,”
etc., up to the highest of levels. For when it comes to the essence of
Torah, when you grasp just a bit of the essence, you have it all!
ascertain whether you have reached the level where you truly care about
Torah, the test is simple. When you go to sleep, see what bothers you
and prevents you from sleeping! Is it Torah that affects you to the
point where you cannot sleep? If you havenyet reached this level, where
you cannot go to sleep until you cry to your Father in Heaven because
you are unable to understand something in Torah, this proves that you
still haven’t taken the idea of zman matan Toraseinu properly.
connection with the idea of ahavas Yisroel, the Rebbe says that
the Jew who already completed his service by the 8th of Sivan has
fulfilled the inyan of tashlumin. At this point, he
continues to improve himself by going beyond the letter of the law in
order to unite with those who are not yet finished. He unites with the
last Jew who waits a full week, who did not fulfill his service until
the last day, the 12th of Sivan.
completing his avoda on the first day, he will continue to add
throughout the remaining days until this is no longer considered going
beyond the letter of the law, but is considered a “Jewish custom –
which is Torah.” This is suggested in the Alter Rebbe’s siddur,
“which applies to everyone.” There it says that we do not say Tachanun
up to and including the 12th of Sivan, hinting that the avoda of tashlumin
is applicable to everyone, regardless of level.